Parra africana Gmelin, 1789, Ethiopia. Monotypic.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Lily trotter; French: Jacana аpoitrine dorйe; German: Blaustim-blatthьhnchen; Spanish: Jacana Africana.
9–12.2 in (23–31 cm); 4–9 oz (137–261 g). Brown with white and black areas. Blue forehead shield.
Tropical Africa, including wetlands of sub-Saharan Africa. Rarely found in forests or dry areas.
Marshes, ponds, and lakes with floating aquatic vegetation, including both permanent and seasonal sites. Also uses tall vegetation near shore for shelter.
Males and females actively defend territories with vocal calls. Females will engage in fights with intruders.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Eats a wide range of aquatic plant seeds and invertebrates.
Breeds during rainy season. Females are polyandrous mate with up to four males and guard their territories. Males incubate eggs and care for chicks. Males build nests of leaves and plants on floating vegetation. Females lay four glossy brown, speckled eggs. Incubation is 22–28 days. Breeding success is less than 50%.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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