Ficedula albicollis Temminck, 1795.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Half-collared flycatcher; semicollared flycatcher; French: Gobemouche а collier; German: Halsbandschnдpper; Spanish: Papamoscas Collarino.
The body length is about 4.5 in (11.5 cm), with the male colored black-and-white, with a black back and head, an intervening white collar at the nape, a white belly and throat, and white wing-flashes. The female and juvenile are gray with a white belly and throat and white wing-flashes. The winter male is colored more grayish. Various subspecies have been described based on plumage and song characters.
Breeds widely in Europe, and winters in eastern equatorial Africa.
Breeds in temperate forest, woods, parks, orchards, and gardens.
A migratory species. Pairs of breeding birds defend a territory. Winters as single birds. Often raises its fanned tail while perched. The song is delivered from a prominent perch, and is a varied series of soft trills.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Catches flying insects by an aerial sally from a prominent perch. Usually returns persistently to the same perch.
Nests in a tree-cavity or holes in rock walls, and also uses nestboxes. Lays five to seven blue eggs.
Not threatened. A widespread and locally abundant species.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
None known, except for the economic benefits of birdwatching.
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