Eudromia elegans Geoffroy St. Hillaire, 1832, South America. Eight subspecies.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Tinamou йlйgant; German: PerlsteiЯhuhn; Spanish: Martineta Comъn.
15.5 in (39 cm), 1.3 lb (600 g). Leg color pale bluish to grayish brown. Lacks hind toe. Crest is long, normally carried backwards.
Throughout Argentina and Chile.
Arid and semiarid grassland and savanna, favoring open sites, ranging from sea level to 8,000 ft (2,500 m) in altitude.
The call is a loud melancholy whistle. Unlike many tinamous, this species forms small flocks, especially in winter when it invades alfalfa crops. In spring and summer it may still be found in pairs and small groups.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
In winter it feeds mainly on seeds and leaves of plants; in summer it takes many insects and invertebrates, including termites.
Breeding systems are polyandrous and polygynous, although males undertake all incubation and parenting.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
It is hunted intensely and remains common only in remote areas.
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