Scolopax rusticola Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden. Monotypic.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Bйcasse des bois; German: Waldschnepfe; Spanish: Chocha Perdiz.
13–13.8 in (33–35 cm); 0.29–0.92 lb (144–420 g). Mainly rufous brown to reddish above, buffy below. Broad wings. Sexes similar.
Eastern Atlantic islands, British Isles, north and central Europe, and central Asia to Sakhalin and Japan. Winters from Europe and North Africa to Southeast Asia.
Moist forest or woodland with clearings and dense undergrowth.
Solitary. Male has crepuscular “roding” display flight, with quiet grunting and sharp pietz notes.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Crepuscular or nocturnal feeder, probing moist soil for worms and insects; also takes food from surface.
Breeds March–July. Polygynous; female cares for eggs and young. Nests in a shallow depression under shrubs; produces two to six eggs with incubation in 21–24 days; fledges at 15–20 days.
Not threatened, although some European populations decreasing;
loss is a threat to breeding and wintering birds.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Up to 3.7 million birds killed by hunters per year in Europe.
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