Dacelo macrorrhinus Lesson, 1827, Manokwari, New Guinea. Three subspecies.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Martin-chasseur d’Euphrosine; German: Hakenliest; Spanish: Martin Cazador Ganchudo.
11 in (27 cm), 3.1–3.9 oz (90–110 g). Large kingfisher, brown above and white (male) or buff (female) below. Feathers of crown are black with blue (male) or green (female) edges. Long bill has hooked tip with dark brown above and pale below.
New Guinea and some adjacent small islands.
Lowland rainforest, both primary and secondary, and also agricultural plantations.
Calls at dusk, dawn, and throughout moonlit nights; one to three whistles followed by one to four short, high-pitched notes. Bill often is caked with mud.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Feeds on large insects and frogs, probably by digging in soil. Main activity is at twilight and during the night.
5 in (12 cm) wide nest chamber dug into active nests of arboreal termites. Lays two to three eggs; male incubates eggs and broods chicks by day. Collect food for chicks by day and night.
Not threatened, but little known due to its nocturnal habits.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
None known. Attractive to bird-watching tourists.
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