Copsychus saularis Linnaeus, 1758, Bengal.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Asian magpie-robin, Oriental magpie-robin; French: Shama dayal; German: Dajal; Spanish: Robнn la Gazza.
9 in (23 cm); male 1.1–1.5 oz (31–42 g); female 1.1–1.4 oz (32–40 g). In males, upperparts, head, and breast are black; underparts are white; the tail is black with white outer feathers; the wings have white bars. In females, upperparts, head and breast are dull dark gray. Juveniles resemble adults but have mottled brown breasts.
Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Thailand, and Indochina, Andaman Islands, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines.
Gardens, woodland edge, and forest clearings, open broadleaved forest.
Pairs or family groups, lively and easily visible, feeds on ground, perches on branches, high wires, poles.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Large insects taken from ground, spiders, centipedes, earthworms, small lizards, seeds, and nectar.
Breeds February–August, untidy grassy nest in hole in tree, bank, or wall; four to five eggs, incubation 12–13 days.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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