Macrocephalon maleo S. Mьller, 1846, Sulawesi. Monotypic.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Gray’s brush-turkey, maleofowl; French: Mйgapode malйo; German: Hammerhuhn; Spanish: Talйgalo Maleo.
21.7 in (55 cm); females 3.3–3.9 lb (1.50–1.76 kg), males 2.9–3.5 lb (1.34–1.59 kg). Large, striking bird with upperparts deep black and underparts white with strong salmon-pink tinge. Head topped with distinctive black casque. Sexes very similar, though males slightly larger.
Endemic to island of Sulawesi, Indonesia, though absent from all deforested areas.
Tropical forests, as well as secondary vegetation and plantations.
Shy and wary when approached. Pairs inseparable and will drive other pairs away from favored egg-laying positions.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Omnivorous, feeds on wide variety of fruits, seeds, and invertebrates encountered while foraging on forest floor.
A burrow-nesting species, using geothermally heated soils in the forest or sun-exposed beaches. Pairs travel to nesting grounds together and share effort in excavating laying hole and chasing away other maleos. Eggs laid at depths of 4–40 in (10–100 cm), at intervals of 10–12 days, the longest interval of any bird.
Classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN due to rapid population decline and over-exploitation and habitat degradation.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
This charismatic species is an important species to the people of Sulawesi, where its eggs have been harvested for centuries.
Copyright © 2016-2017 Animalia Life | All rights reserved