Oxynotus typicus Hartlaub, 1865, Mauritius.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Echenilleur de Maurice; German: Mauritiusraupenfдnger; Spanish: Oruguero de Mauricio.
8.7 in (22 cm); one male 1.5 oz (43 g). Gray upperparts and grayish white below with blackish wings; females orange-brown above and rich orange rufous below.
Canopy of moist tropical evergreen forest above 1,500 ft (460 m); also adjacent degraded or altered forest.
Lives solitarily or in pairs; territorial throughout the year. Unobtrusive and secretive, but may be located by its melodic trill and harsh call-note.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
It eats mainly large arthropods, including caterpillars, mantids, stick insects, and beetles, and also geckos.
Highest density 25 territories/km2. Breeds from September to March, during the rains. Monogamous. The nest is a shallow cup of fine twigs, lichens, and spider webs, and is attached to a horizontal tree branch. Both sexes build the nest. The female lays two eggs; incubation is by both sexes for 24–25 days.
loss and degradation have caused a long-term decline in the population cinced human colonization and remains a long-term threat. The species is considered Vulnerable because of its very small range and population (300–350 pairs in 2000). Since 1975, its range and density have increased, thanks to conservation action to rehabilitate native ecosystems.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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