Podargus papuensis Quoy and Gaimard, 1830, Arfak Peninsula, New Guinea. Monotypic.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Giant or great Papuan frogmouth; French: Podarge papou; German: Papuaschwalm; Spanish: Podargo Papъ.
18–24 in (45–60 cm); 9–20 oz (256–570 g). Largest member of its genus. Male’s upperparts elaborately patterned in light and dark, but overall appear gray-brown; underparts are lighter brown-gray with white spots and bars and blackish streaking. Females are typically browner or more rufous than males.
Queensland; New Guinea and satellite islands.
Forest, woodland, wooded savanna.
Roosts by day in tree cover, often a pair together; active at night in territory.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Swoops from perch to catch prey mainly on ground, taking large insects and small vertebrates such as frogs and rodents.
Nests on a platform in tree, containing clutch of one or rarely two eggs. Daytime incubation by male; incubation and fledging periods unknown.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Known to tribespeople in New Guinea, who have given descriptions of a “gaping” posture, possibly used for fly catching.
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