Otidiphaps nobilis Gould, 1870. Four subspecies.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Green-collared pigeon, magnificent ground pigeon; French: Otidiphaps noble; German: Fasantaube; Spanish: Paloma Faisan.
17.7–19.7 in (45–50 cm); 1.1 lb (500 g). A clumsy pigeon with long legs and a unique, laterally compressed pheasant-like tail built by 20–22 tail feathers.
The hills of New Guinea and the neighboring islands of Waigeeo, Batanta, Yapen, Aru, and Ferguson.
Rainforest and partly monsoon forest.
The pheasant pigeon behaves like a gallinaceous bird and is terrestrial. The male performs a display flight and the wingclap is a loud crack like a gun shot.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Seeds and fallen fruit.
The nest is on the ground and forms a platform of a few sticks. One egg is brooded for 28 days. In the first week of nestling time, the male brings food to the female on the nest, and the female passes it to the squab.
Not globally threatened. Subspecies Otidiphaps nobilis insularis from Fergusson Island may be endangered. Deforestation negatively affects this species.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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