Motacilla singalensis Gmelin, 1788, Malacca. Eleven subspecies.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Rubycheek; French: Souimanga а joues rubis; German: Rubinwangen-Nektarvogel; Spanish: Nectarina de Mejillas Rojas.
4.5 in (11.5 cm); 0.29–0.32 oz (8.2–9.1 g). Differs from all other sunbirds by unique structure of its tongue, which is covered in a horny plate with deeply-notched tip. Green upperparts with orange throat and yellow breast and belly.
C. s. assamensis: East Nepal to Bangladesh, northern Myanmar, northern Thailand, and western and southern Yunnan; C. s. bantenensis: western Java; C. s. borneana: Borneo; C. s. internota: southern Myanmar and southern Thailand; C. s. interposita: southern Thailand; C. s. koratensis: eastern Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam; C. s. pallida: north Natuna Islands; C. s. panopsia: islands off west coast of Sumatra; C. s. phoenicotis: eastern and central Java; C. s. singalensis: Malay Peninsula; C. s. sumatrana: Sumatra and Belitung.
Forests, scrub, clearings, mangroves, coasts, and well-vegetated riverbanks and gardens.
. Sometimes forages in small flocks.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Feeds on nectar, fruits, pollen, and insects, which it may take from spider webs.
Male sings shrill song from perch on tall tree or low bush to defend territory, jerking tail as it does so, and feeds female during courtship. Lays two eggs in pear-shaped nest, January through August.
Not threatened. Common in most of range but rare in Nepal and Bhutan.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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