Tringa interpres Linnaeus, 1758, Gotland, Sweden. Two subspecies.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Tournepierre а collier; German: Steinwдlzer; Spanish: Vuelvepiedras Comъn.
8.3–10.2 in (21–26 cm); 0.18–0.42 lb (84–190 g). Black and white head, neck, throat, and chest; rufous-chestnut upperparts with black-brown patches; white underparts. Female has more streaking on crown, a brownish nape, duller upperparts, and pale flecks on the breast patch.
A. i. interpres: northeast Canadian Arctic, Greenland, north Eurasia and northwest Alaska, wintering western Europe, Africa, South Asia, Australasia, South Pacific islands, and Pacific coast of North America; A. i. morinella: northeast Alaska and Arctic Canada; winters from South Carolina and Gulf of Mexico to Chile and north Argentina.
Breeds on stony coastal plains, marshy slopes and flats, and tundra; winters on rocky and stony coasts, sandy beaches with seaweed, and exposed reefs.
Relatively tame; often in flocks.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Gleans insects, crustaceans, mollusks, worms, echinoderms, fish, and carrion; sometimes birds’ eggs. Flips over stones, shells, and seaweed with bill, catching prey thus exposed; pushes large objects with breast; scavenges frequently.
Monogamous and solitary. Lays May–July. Nests are open or concealed in hummocky vegetation; clutch contains two to four eggs; incubation 22–24 days; fledges at 19–21 days.
No significant decreases in numbers reported.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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