Syndactyla ruficollis Taczanowski, 1884.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Red-necked foliage-gleaner; French: Anabate б cou roux; German: Rothals-Baumspдher; Spanish: Trepamusgo de Cuello Rufo.
Body length is about 7 in (18–18.5 cm). Bill is short, straight, rather stout, and pointed. The body is slender, and the tail is long. The sexes are similar. The back, neck, and top of the head are rufous-brown, the underparts are brown streaked with buff, the tail is rufous, and there is a buffy stripe over the eye.
An endemic species that occurs only in a small Andean region of extreme southern Ecuador and northern Peru.
Inhabits humid, lowland and montane forest, secondary woodland, and forest edges. Mostly inhabits evergreen humid forest, but also occurs in somewhat drier, deciduous forest. Occurs mostly at 4,250–9,400 ft (1,300–2,700 m), but as low as 1,950 ft (600 m) in undisturbed primary forest.
A non-migratory species. Occurs singly, as a breeding pair, or in a small group. Often occurs with other birds in mixedspecies foraging flocks. The song is an accelerating series of harsh, nasal notes.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Forages on tree branches and trunks for insects and other invertebrates hidden among bark or in epiphytic mosses and bromeliads.
Constructs a nest within a burrow dug into an earthen bank. Both the male and female incubate the eggs and rear the nestlings.
This endemic species is listed as Vulnerable, largely because its highly restricted habitat is being fragmented by conversion into agricultural land-use and further reduced by other disturbances.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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