Harpagus circumcinctus Kaup, 1852, Chile; error, Mendoza, Argentina. Monotypic.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Carnifex а ailes tachetйes; German: Tropfenfalke; Spanish: Halconcito Argentino.
11.0–13.0 in (28–33 cm); about 3.5 oz (100 g). Female larger than male. A slight short-winged, long-tailed forest dweller. Head, back, and wings gray-brown; a pale streak that extends back from above the eye, black ear coverts and moustachial streak form a characteristic pattern. Shoulders and wing spotted conspicuously with white. Underparts pale gray, narrowly streaked with brown. Central tail feathers black, remainder barred with white to form wide black bars. No distinctive juvenal plumage (unlike other falconids).
South America: eastern Bolivia, through Paraguay to north and central Argentina.
Savanna, scrubby woodland, and semidesert.
Sedentary. Roosts in communal nests of monk parakeets (Myiopsitta monachus) in winter, even when the nests are occupied by parakeets.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Hunts mainly birds, some as large as they are, and lizards and insects such as locusts and cicadas. Bird prey includes nestling and adult monk parakeets.
Nests as solitary pair in about November–December in woven nests of other species such as cachalotes (Furnariidae) and colonial monk parakeets; falconets enlarge the nest and entrance. In Argentina, 15 of 70 parakeet nests (21%) had nesting pairs of falconets. Lays clutches of two to four eggs; incubation period is unknown; young fledge after about 33 days.
Not threatened. Status is unknown but habitat is not seriously degraded.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Copyright © 2016-2017 Animalia Life | All rights reserved