Porzana marginalis Hartlaub, 1857, Gabon. Monotypic.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Marouette rayйe; German: Graukehl-Sumpfhuhn; Spanish: Polluela Culirroja.
7–8.3 in (18–21 cm); 1.5–2.2 oz (41.5–61 g). Male dark brown with white streaks on upperparts; anterior underparts pale cinnamon; rear underparts orangy- to reddish brown. Female has gray foreparts; juvenile duller and plainer.
Ivory Coast east to Cameroon and south to Congo; eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire) to Kenya and south to northeast South Africa. In south, largely a wet season visitor, retreating towards equatorial regions after breeding.
Seasonally inundated grassland, pans, and marsh edges.
Diurnal and secretive. Territorial when breeding; female gives ticking advertising call, often at night.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Invertebrates, small fish, and frog tadpoles. Forages in grass, mud, and shallow water.
In captivity is sequentially polyandrous, female mating with two or more males. Breeds mainly during rains. Nest a bowl of grass or sedges in vegetation over water. Eggs: four to five. Incubation: 17–18 days, by male only; young cared for by male; fledge at 28 days; one to three broods per season.
Possibly uncommon throughout range; sometimes locally common after good rains.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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