Frederickena unduliger Pelzeln, 1868.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Batara ondй German: Mormor-Ameisenwьrger; Spanish: Batarб Ondulado.
9 in (23 cm); relatively short tail, a massive hooked bill, and brown to pale-orange iris.
Northwestern South America, including Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and western Amazonian Brazil.
Typically below 2,300 ft (700 m) in humid, lowland tropical forest; dense undergrowth vegetation and vine-laden tree-falls within terra firme (non-flooded) forest.
Nonmigratory, territory-defending pairs that forage close to or on the ground. Song is a series of 11–16, high-pitched, repeated notes. The head crest may be raised when calling, and the tail may wag as well.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Feed in dense foliage on insects and other arthropods.
Monogamous pairs bond for life, typically lay two eggs, and share incubation and care of nestlings and fledglings.
Uncommon to rare species, but not formally threatened.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
No direct significance, except for the indirect economic benefits of bird-watching and ecotourism.
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