Auriparus flaviceps Sundevall, 1850. Six subspecies.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Auripare verdin; German: Goldkцpfchen; Spanish: Baloncito Verdнn.
4–4.5 in (100–110 mm); 0.21–0.29 oz (6–8.2 g). Small with sharper bill than its relatives. Dull yellow head and throat, dark grey upperparts, lighter grey beneath.
Southwestern United States and Mexico.
Open desert with scattered bushes and cacti.
Sprightly birds normally found in pairs and family groups. More solitary than other penduline tits. Interesting in its construction of roosting nests.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Feeds on invertebrates, seeds, and fruit.
Breeds from March to June. Nest a spherical construction up to 7.9 in (200 mm) diameter of layered thorny and thornless twigs lined with softer material and located in scrub towards the end of branches. Clutch of two to four blue-green eggs; incubation 14–17 days; fledging 17–19 days.
Not threatened. Common and increasing.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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