Sitta carolinensis Latham, 1790.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Sittelle а poitrine blanche; German: Carolinakleiber; Spanish: Saltapalo Blanco.
5 in (12.7 cm), with a short tail. The back is colored blue-gray, the crown black, and undersides and throat white.
Occurs widely in extreme southern Canada, through most of the United States, and into western Mexico. Does not migrate, except for northernmost populations that may move somewhat south.
Occurs in a wide range of mature, deciduous-dominated forest types.
Occurs as pairs that defend a breeding territory. Typically does not migrate. Often flocks with chickadees in winter. The song is a series of nasal notes.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Gleans invertebrates from tree bark and foliage, and also eats fruits and seeds in winter.
Pairs nest in a tree cavity. The female incubates the eggs but both sexes feed the young.
Not threatened. A widespread and abundant species.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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