Toxotes jaculatrix Pallas, 1767, Indian Ocean.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
Body is compressed and almost triangular, with a pointed head. Color is silvery white with five black bands across the upper sides of the body, the dorsal fin, and the caudal peduncle, and yellow on anal, caudal, and dorsal fins. These fishes grow to 8 in (20 cm) total length.
Widespread from India and Sri Lanka, east through Southeast Asia, the Ryukyu Islands, Palau and Yap in Micronesia, Melanesia, and parts of Queensland in northern Australia; also in Vanuatu.
Generally found in bays, estuaries, and the lower reaches of rivers and creeks, usually among mangrove branches and roots.
Occurs singly or in small groups around shelter. Swims slowly as it hunts for prey both below and above the surface of the water. Will swim rapidly on occasion to challenge conspecifics. As with other archerfishes, the banded archerfish will hunt by shooting a stream of water drops at terrestrial prey above the surface.
Gonochoristic, with pair spawning and the release of demersal eggs near the bottom. Others in the genus release either pelagic or demersal eggs. Demersal eggs are larger compared to pelagic eggs in this species, about 0.023–0.031 in (0.6–0.8 mm) in diameter. Larvae hatch at 0.12 in (3 mm) in length, are pelagic, possess a large yolk sac, have an unformed mouth, and lack pigmented eyes. With growth, the body becomes moderate in depth and the mouth large. Possesses a gas bladder. The development of head spines is regarded as a specialization for pelagic life.
Not listed by the IUCN.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Taken in subsistence fisheries and as a light-tackle gamefish, but more importantly as an aquarium fish.
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