Mugil monticola Bancroft, 1834, Jamaica. Agonostomus monticola is morphologically variable. Several different species have been recognized from Central America and the West Indies, but a review in 1997 listed them as conspecific.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Mulet de fleuve; Spanish: Lisa de rнo, tepemechнn.
Grows to 14.2 in (36 cm) in total length. Dorsal surface of head is convex between the eyes. Teeth are small and attached directly to the jawbones. Pharyngobranchial organ is rudimentary. There are 16–23 gill rakers on the lower part of first gill arch. Anal fin has two spines and 10 soft rays in adults. There are 38–46 scales in a longitudinal series along the flanks. Body is brownish, sometimes with a silvery band on the flanks from the pectoral to the caudal fin. Dorsal, anal, and caudal fins are dusky yellowish; there is a dark spot at the base of the caudal fin.
Rivers of the West Indies, Central America, Colombia, Venezuela, and the Galapagos Islands. Occasionally reported from the rivers of Florida and Louisiana.
Freshwaters of fast-flowing hill streams.
Little is known.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Diet varies seasonally. Omnivorous, feeding mainly on insects, prawns, fruits, and algae.
Adults may spawn in the lower reaches of rivers or in the sea. Spawning apparently correlates with peak rainfall. Larvae and juvenile fish spend perhaps six weeks at sea before migrating back upstream.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
There are small commercial and subsistence fisheries in the West Indies and Central America.
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