Within certain societies, the crocodile trade is extremely important. In 1945 - 1971 Northern Australians generated significant income at the expense of the crocodile as uncontrolled trade severely impacted on the populations of both saltwater and freshwater crocodiles. Full protection over the Australian Saltwater Crocodile was established in 1971 to allow the species to recover. When crocodile numbers increased, co-habitation with local people became a problem and fatal and non-fatal attacks on people and fishing boats were reported in 1979/1980. In response, the Northern Territory established an 'incentive-driven conservation strategy' which encouraged people to protect crocodiles through commercial activity such as farming, tourism and ranching. The Saltwater Crocodiles are seen as a commercial resource by communities who generate wealth and employment through the crocodile industry. This also promotes crocodile conservation which would otherwise be difficult because of their predatory nature.
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