Elephants mature sexually early in the first 20 years of life. African elephants mature sexually around the age of 10-12, while Asian elephants mature sexually around the age of 14. In the meantime, males leave the flock of birth (the flock of origin) and live alone or in small herds with other males.
At what age can an elephant become pregnant?
Stansfield says that wild female elephants first become pregnant between the ages of 12 and 14. However, in US zoos, about 75 percent of the captive population is between the ages of 20 and 35 28. 2013
How often do male elephants mate?
A woman's estrous cycle lasts about 3 weeks each year, but she can become pregnant from 3 to 5 days. Elephants mate many times in a few days. Bulls stay with cows for several days after breeding, primarily to prevent other bulls from mating with cows.
Do male elephants mate with multiple females?
Matt, who lives in a population that straddles the Samburu and Buffalo Springs National Reserves in Kenya, is over-reproduced for about three months a year. State biologists call the estrus cycle (pronounced "estrous cycle"). Older male elephants roam the savanna and spend little time eating and resting. 2019
What time do African elephants mate?
The rutting (or mating) season usually occurs during periods of heavy rainfall. This is because the females get hot in the second half of the rainy season. During the mating period, bull (male) elephants produce large amounts of hormones called the "estrus period". This makes the elephant more aggressive and sexually active.