There are three types of dwarfism in cats: osteochondroma dysplasia, pituitary dwarfism, and selective dwarfism. Each of these types of dwarfism can produce the sought-after sturdy legs and crushed face commonly found in munchkin cats. However, dwarfism in all types of cats also has potential health hazards.
What does cat dwarfism look like?
Unlike normal proportions of small cats, dwarf cats show symptoms of osteochondroma dysplasia. It is a hereditary disease of bone and cartilage, usually manifested as significantly shorter legs. Since the mid-20th century, cat breeds with dwarfism have been on the market.
Are all dwarfs cats munchkins?
Munchkin or sausage cats are a relatively new breed of cat characterized by very short legs caused by genetic variation. Munchkin is believed to be the original breed of dwarf cat.
Is cat dwarfism bad?
According to the University of Sydney Veterinary School, this is a hereditary disease that results in shortened limbs and an abnormal proportion. Affected cats may have severe restrictions on neurological problems, lung problems, mobility problems, and physical imperfections.
How can I tell if a cat is part of a munchkin?
Munchkin cats are most commonly identified by their short legs and long body. They are described as behaving like ferrets because of their high speed and low position on the ground. To identify a munchkin, look for one with short front legs, slightly higher hind legs, and a long body.