Platysteira peltata Sundevall, 1850.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Wattle-eyed flycatcher; French: Gobemouche caronculй а gorge noire; German: Schwarzkehl-Lappenschnдpper; Spanish: Ojicarunculado de Garganta Negra.
The body length is about 5.5 in (14 cm). The head is relatively large, the tail short, and the wings rounded. There is a red patch of bare skin (an eye-wattle) over the eye. The male is colored glossy green-black on the head, with a dark gray back, and white belly. The female is a duller color and has a dark ring across the breast.
A widespread, nonmigratory species of southern subtropical Africa.
Occurs in primary and mature secondary lowland and montane forest, often in the vicinity of surface water. It occurs at 5,600–9,900 ft (1,700–3,000 m)
A nonmigratory species that occurs in pairs or as small family groups. Breeding birds defend a territory. The song is a rasping series of notes.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Searches actively or from a perch for insects in the lower canopy and sometimes higher. Insects are gleaned from foliage and also caught in flight.
Builds a small cup-shaped nest in a narrow fork of a branch. Lays one or two, glossy gray-green eggs that are incubated by the female for 16–18 days. Pairs are monogamous but their immature progeny help them with their breeding effort.
Not threatened. An endemic species but locally abundant in parts of its range.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
None known, except for the economic benefits of birdwatching.
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