Pataecus fronto Richardson, 1844, Southern Australia.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
Grows to 11.8 in (30 cm) maximum length. An unusual-looking fish that is highly compressed, with a high dorsal fin con- fluent with the caudal fin. The color varies but usually ranges from brownish orange to bright red. Their bodies often are covered by dark blotches dorsally.
Found in southern Australia from southern Queensland to eastern Victoria.
It is difficult to observe red indianfishes because of their excellent camouflage. When they are seen, they are found in rocky reefs and estuaries, often in similarly colored sponge beds.
Red indianfishes often shed the outer layer of skin to help get rid of epibiotic growth (algae or bryozoans), which acts as camouflage. Additionally, these fishes have an unusual “swimming” style that mimics a dead leaf floating in the water; they basically twist and spin as the fall back to the sea floor. The red indianfish is not venomous.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Little is known about the diet of red indianfishes, but their diet probably consists primarily of shrimps and other crustaceans. May be eatern by larger predatory fishes.
Little is known about the
of these fishes.
Not listed by the IUCN.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
This species is not commercially fished, but they are occasionally captured in commercial trawl nets.
Copyright © 2016-2017 Animalia Life | All rights reserved