Falco minullus Daudin, 1800, Gamtoos River, South Africa. Monotypic.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Little sparrowhawk; French: Йpervier minule; German: Zwergsperber; Spanish: Gavalancito Chico.
9.1–10.6 in (23–27 cm); male 2.6–3 oz (74–85 g); female 2.4–3.7 oz (68–105 g). Small gray hawk with lightly barred underparts.
Africa: southern Sudan and Ethiopia, south to South Africa, and west to Angola and Namibia.
Woodland and forest patches, often along rivers or in valleys. Occasionally, small plantations of exotics in savanna.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
A tiny but bold hunter. Typically, flies at speed from perch, winding agilely through foliage, to catch prey on wing. Specializes on small birds from 0.4–1.4 oz (10–40 g). Occasionally takes small bats, lizards, and insects.
Breeds as solitary pair in March–April in northeast Africa, mostly October–November in southern Africa. Monogamous. Builds a small stick nest of twigs lined with green leaves, high in a tree fork. Usually two eggs; incubation 31 days; fledging about 26 days.
Not threatened. Widespread and common in appropriate
and quickly colonizes new habitat such as plantation.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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