Turdus merula Linnaeus, 1758.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Eurasian blackbird, common blackbird; French: Merle noir; German: Amsel; Spanish: Mirlo Comъun.
9.4–11.4 in (24–29 cm); male 2.1–5.3 oz (60–149 g); female 3.0–3.7 oz (85–106 g). Males have black plumage and a yellow bill; females have brown plumage and a dark bill.
Europe from Iceland eastwards.
Mainly damp forest and woodlands, from tundra to golf courses, gardens, parks, and town shrubberies, farmland with hedges, and scattered woods.
Bold and tame, feeding on ground where walks, hops, or runs; large roosts after breeding season. Flocks in winter.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Fruits, berries, grass seeds, many invertebrates including beetles, caterpillars, grasshoppers, snails, spiders, and earthworms.
Breeds April–August, nest large and untidy, of grass, twigs, stems, and string, lined with mud and fine grass. Three to four eggs, incubation 11–14 days, fledging 15–16 days. Two broods.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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