Cinclus pallasii Temminck, 1820, “Crimea,” actually Okhota River, eastern Siberia.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Asian dipper, Pallas’s dipper; French: Cincle de Pallas; German: Flusswasseramsel; Spanish: Mirlo Aquбtico Castaсo.
8.3–9.1 in (21–23 cm); weight (sexes not distinguished) 2.3–3.1 oz (66–88 g). Plumage uniformly dark brown.
Central Asia from Afghanistan, Kazakhstan to Tibet, Nepal, North Burma, North Vietnam; disjunctly northern India, Siberia to Kamchatka, Japan from Kyushu northwards. Over most of its range largely sedentary, in some cases moves to lower altitudes in winter; some apparent migration from northern edge of range in China.
Rushing mountain streams and shores of mountain lakes.
Much as other members of the genus; spends all of its time in close proximity to fast-flowing water, diving and swimming down to the bed. Bobs and curtsies in a manner similar to the Eurasian species. Song is a loud bubbling warble; call a sharp “zit-zit.”
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Aquatic invertebrates, caddis fly and may fly larvae, etc., taken mostly underwater.
Nest is spherical with a side entrance, the outer layer of moss, the inner of rootlets and leaf-webs, usually located in crevices in rock faces above flowing water; more rarely in artificial sites such as bridges. Both sexes build. Eggs three to six, usually five, incubation period 19–20 days, fledging period 23–24 days. Probably mostly single-brooded.
Not threatened. Widespread and common; susceptible to habitat degradation, but much of its range has very sparse human
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Copyright © 2016-2017 Animalia Life | All rights reserved