Arthropoпdes regulorum Bennett, 1834, South Africa. Two subspecies.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Blue-necked crane, royal crane; French: Grue royale; German: Sьdafrikanischer kronenkranich; Spanish: Grulla Coronada Cuelligrнs.
Height 39–43.3 in (100–110) cm; wingspan 71–79 in (180–200 cm); weight 6.6–8.8 lb (3–4) kg. Distinctive crown of gold feathers. Pale gray neck and red throat wattles.
Eastern Africa from Kenya to South Africa, west to Zambia, also Angola and Namibia.
Uses wetlands and grasslands or savanna.
These birds perch in trees and use ground nests, or rarely tree nests, abandoned by other large birds.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Wide range of food preferences, including seeds and insects.
Breed in wetland-grassland areas.
Not threatened. The most abundant crane in Africa, though populations have declined. Continued wetland drainage may threaten its future, as many live and forage outside of protected areas.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Gray-crowned cranes are the national bird of Uganda and regarded as a sacred bird or symbol in Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Zambia.
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