Trochilus guy Lesson, 1832, Trinidad. Four subspecies are recognized.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Guy’s hermit; French: Ermite vert; German: Grьner Schattenkolibri; Spanish: Ermitaсo Verde.
5.1 in (13 cm); female 0.14–0.23 oz (4–6.5 g), male 0.14–0.25 oz (4–7 g). A medium-sized hermit with curved bill and an orange gular stripe. Male has nib-shaped central tail feathers, female has shorter and more decurved bill, shorter wings. Lighter underparts, ochraceous belly coloration, and longer rectrices. Immatures like adult female, but have ochraceous uppertail-coverts.
P. g. coruscus: Costa Rica to northwest Colombia; P. g. emiliae: Colombia (major river valleys); P. g. apicalis: eastern Andean slopes from north Colombia and northwestern Venezuela to southeast Peru; P. g. guy: Trinidad and northeast Venezuela.
Understory of humid forest and adjacent forest edges, secondary growth, and plantations with dense vegetation. Recorded between 1,975 and 7,550 ft (600 and 2,300 m).
Song consists of a series of squeaking notes, presented while perching at the lek. Sharp metallic flight call.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Nectar of Heliconia, Costus, Razisea, Columnea, Pachystachys, Centropogon, and of introduced plants like Musa and Canna; small arthropods. Casually searching for flowers in Polylepis forests. Traplining.
Males establish traditional leks throughout the year. Breeds in November to July, in particular January to April in Trinidad; February to September, December in Costa Rica and Panama; June to August in Colombia; July to November in Peru. Nest cone shaped, consisting of moss and fine plant material; placed at the tip of a long leaf, often near or above streams. Males sometimes defend nest, but do not participate in parental care. Two eggs; incubation 17–18 days by female with head towards the leaf. Fledging period 21–23, sometimes 27 days. Chicks have dark skin and sparse dorsal down. Well feathered when about two weeks old.
Uncommon to fairly common in most areas.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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