Phyllastrephus scandens Swainson, 1837, West Africa. Closest allies Thescelocichla and Chlorocichla flavicollis, based on bill shape. Two races recognized based on plumage and wing length.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Leaflove; French: Bulbul а queue rousse; German: Uferbьlbьl; Spanish: Amante de Hojas.
5.9 in (15 cm); 1.1–1.9 oz (33–53 g). Gray head, back grayolive, bright, rusty tail, feathers of tail and rump fluffy. Some black bristles on nape of neck and near bill. Belly creamy whitish yellow. Sexes alike. Juvenile mostly olive-gray with rusty wash, chin and underparts white, undertail pale rust.
Endemic to east central Africa; Sudan, western Gambia, Senegal, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Mali, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, southern Congo, Central African Republic, and Zaire.
Forest and thickets near water.
Moves in pairs or small flocks; will defend communal territory with chorus. Drops from high perch into streams to bathe, flies back to perch to shake and preen, then drops again. Groups produce loud, raucous chorus.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Forages in canopy, on ground, and in vegetation for insects and their larvae, also eats small snails, seeds, and berries.
Territorial during breeding season. Cup-shaped nest suspended in twigs by cobwebs, appears too small for the bird. Incubation by female only.
Not threatened. Locally common, though fragmented
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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