Anas galericulata Linnaeus, 1758, China; monotypic.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Canard mandarin; German: Mandarinente; Spanish: Pato Mandarнn.
16.1–20.1 in (41–51 cm); 0.98–1.10 lb (444–500 g). Multicolored upperparts of gray, green, black, and ruddy brown. White underparts.
Eastern Siberia and eastern Chinasouth to South Korea and Japan; winters in southeastern China below 40° north and Taiwan.
Fast flowing rocky streams and wooded ponds.
Not known if territorial. Migratory.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Feeds on grains, seeds, and acorns as well as land snails, little fish, and insects. Forages by dabbling, dipping head into the water, and upending.
Seasonally to perennially monogamous; some forced copulations may occur. Breeding begins in Apr. Nests in tree holes up to 30 ft (10 m) high. Lays 9–12 eggs; incubation 28–30 days; fledging c. 40–45 days. Sexually mature at 1 year.
Not threatened, but of special concern as populations have declined over several decades during the twentieth century.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Bred by aviculturalists. In China and Japan symbolizes happiness and marital fidelity. Not hunted for food because distasteful.
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