Climacteris rufa Gould, 1841, Swan River, Western Australia.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Allied rufous treecreeper, wheelbarrow; French: Йchelet roux; German: Rostbauch-Baumrutscher; Spanish: Sube Palo Rufo.
6.7 in (17 cm); 1.1–1.2 oz (30–33 g). Rufous brow and cheek with black eye strip; underparts rufous streaked with white; gray-brown upperparts with rufous-brown tail.
Southwestern Australia, Eyre Peninsula of South Australia, with loose links between these populations.
Eucalypt woodland and forest; mallee.
Lives in family groups, consisting of a breeding pair and offspring from previous breeding seasons. Sedentary. Peeping calls, churring calls at predators.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Forages on trunks and lower branches of eucalypts and casuarinas, and also commonly on the ground, especially among fallen timber. Eats insects, especially ants, as well as centipedes and snails, small reptiles, and seeds.
Breeds August–January in hollows in branches, stumps, and fallen logs. Female incubates one to three eggs for 17 days. Young are fed by parents and helpers, and fledge at 26 days, with high success (78% in one Western Australia study).
Not threatened. Secure, but populations have declined or gone locally extinct in parts of the heavily cleared Wheatbelt of western Australia.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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