Mycteria senegalensis Shaw, 1800, Senegal. Monotypic.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: African jabiru, saddlebilled stork; French: Jabiru de Sйnйgal; German: Sattelstorch; Spanish: Jabirъ Africano.
Length 55–59 in (140–150 cm), wingspan 94–106 in (240–270 cm); 11–16.1 lb (5–7.3 kg). One of the largest storks. Mostly orange/red bill divided by a black band, surmounted by patch of yellow. Black neck and flight feathers, white body feathers; dark legs with red “knees.” Males and females differ both in size (the male is larger) and iris color (brown in male, yellow in female).
Tropical Africa south of the Sahara.
Mostly solitary. Flies with heavy wing-beats and neck outstretched; makes use of thermals.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Mainly fish. Hunts by sight and, occasionally, touch.
Monogamous. Nests alone toward end of rainy season. Nest a platform of sticks. Clutch size two to three eggs, incubation 30–35 days, fledging 70–100 days.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Popular with ecotourists on wildlife holidays in East Africa.
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