Scolopax erythropus Pallas, 1764, the Netherlands. Monotypic.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Dusky redshank; French: Chevalier arlequin; German: Dunkler wasserlдufer; Spanish: Archibebe Oscuro.
11.4–12.6 in (29–32 cm); 0.21–0.51 lb (97–230 g). Black both above and below, with white dots on upperparts. In flight, a white wedge on the back and white underwings are visible. Female is slightly larger and paler overall.
Scandinavia and northwest Russia across northern Siberia to Chukotskiy Peninsula. Winters from Europe to equatorial Africa, east through Persian Gulf to Southeast Asia and Taiwan.
Breeds in lightly wooded tundra and heathland; nonbreeders prefer lakeshores, lagoons, and muddy coasts.
Nonbreeders form flocks, often feeding in dense packs in deep water.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Eats insects, small crustaceans, mollusks, worms, fish, and amphibians. Pecks at prey, sweeps water with bill; sometimes feeds while swimming.
Monogamous; sometimes polyandrous. Lays eggs May–June; nests in tussocks or moss. Clutch contains three to five eggs. Female usually leaves before eggs hatch.
Wintering numbers in Europe stable in 1970s. Population in Europe and West Africa 75,000–150,000 (1994); 45,000–75,000 winter East Africa and Asia.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Copyright © 2016-2017 Animalia Life | All rights reserved