Platyrhynchos albicollis Vieillot, 1818, Bengal, India. Eleven subspecies.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: White-throated fantail flycatcher; French: Rhipidure а gorge blanche; German: Weisskehl-fдcherschwanz; Spanish: Cola de Abanico de Garganta Blanca.
6.9–8.1 in (17.5–20.5 cm); 0.3–0.45 oz (9–13 g). Mostly gray with white throat, brow, and tip of tail.
Northeastern Pakistan, India, southeastern Tibet, southern China, Myanmar, Thailand, Asia, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo. Foothills and adjacent plains up to 10,000 ft (3,000 m).
Inhabits broad-leaved evergreen forest and can be found locally in human-modified areas such as bamboo, parks, secondary regrowth, and wooded gardens.
This is a typical fantail in its
—restless, constantly fanning its tail, and conspicuous. It is a bird of the understory and middle growth. In winter, it exhibits marked altitudinal migration, moving from higher elevations to foothills and plains. The song consists of thin, high-pitched notes.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Works along branches, as well as outside of foliage, feeding on small flying insects it disturbs. It may be encountered singly, in pairs, or as part of mixed hunting parties.
The breeding season varies throughout the range, from Feb.–May to Mar.–Aug; two broods may be raised. Both sexes build the nest and incubate the three spotted eggs. The small cup-shaped nest is made of fine grass stems held together by an external coating of cobwebs; it has a dangling “tail” of grasses below. Incubation period 12–13 days; fledging 13–15 days.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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