Columba magnifica Temminck, 1821, New South Wales. Eight subspecies.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Magnificent fruit dove, purple-bellied fruit dove; French: Ptilope magnifique; German: Purpurbrust- Fruchttaube; Spanish: Tilopo Magnifico.
Large, length up to 20 in (50 cm), up to 1.1 lb (500 g). Ashgray head, green upperparts with yellow spots on wingcoverts, throat and breast deep purple, long tail (up to 7.1 in [18 cm]).
Papua New Guinea and eastern Australia.
Rainforest and secondary forest.
No display flight. When advertising the breast is inflated and the bill is pressed against the upper breast pointing downwards; at each coo the body is inclined very slightly forward; the male bows from an upright posture with the neck slightly inflated forward slowly to about 20° from the horizontal, the bill pressed against the upper breast and the tail raised only slightly from its starting position uttering a low coo.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Various fruits of figs, laurels, and areca palms.
The single-egg clutch can be seen through the nest. Incubation lasts 21 days. If a brooding bird is disturbed it falls vertically from the nest and flies away close to the ground.
Not threatened, but nesting success in Papua New Guinea very low.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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