Amphisile strigata Gьnther, 1861, Java, Indonesia.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
A very unusual species, with an elongate, highly compressed body. Snout long, almost filamentous, with a terminal mouth. Dorsal fin terminal, situated far posterior, with a long, posteriorly directed and hinged spine followed by two smaller spines and nine to 10 rays. Caudal fin underneath dorsal fin. Anal fin with 11–12 rays; pectoral fin with 11–12 rays. Body covered in plates. Coloration yellowish dorsally and laterally above a dark, horizontal stripe that runs through the eyes; white underneath stripe and ventrally. Reaches 5.5 in (14 cm) in length.
Widespread in the tropical western Pacific Ocean and northern Indian Ocean, reaching as far west as the Seychelles.
Usually found in shallow bays, coral reefs, and sea grass beds down to a depth of about 66 ft (20 m).
Commonly encountered in large schools, typically hovering with its mouth pointed toward the bottom, maintaining a vertical position. Sometimes found in association with long-spined sea urchins of the genus Diadema.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Feeds on small invertebrates (e.g., polychaetes), including larvae of mollusks and crustaceans.
Mostly unknown. Pelagic larvae have been described and begin to resemble adults by about 0.7 in (17 mm) in length.
Not listed by the IUCN.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Not consumed but sometimes kept in aquaria.
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