Pernis madagascariensis A. Smith, 1834, Madagascar. Monotypic.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Madagascar baza, Madagascar cuckoo-falcon; French: Baza malgache; German: Lemurenweih; Spanish: Baza Malgache.
15.7–17.7 in (40–45 cm). Dull brown wings, barred tail, mottled brown and white underparts.
Much of Madagascar.
Evergreen and dry deciduous forest interior and edge; clearings in forest, villages within forest and palm plantations.
Poorly known. Apparently non-migratory. By night, roosts in the canopy. Hunts by day and, perhaps, crepuscularly.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Main prey is large insects and small reptiles and frogs snatched from foliage. Perches in canopy to glide down onto prey; sometimes flies low over canopy in search of prey or hawks aerial insects.
Little known. Distinctive rocking with wings held high and tumbling courtship flight. Breeds in solitary pairs, laying in October to December. Builds small, flimsy nest lined with green leaves, high in the canopy. Clutch size unknown, probably two to three eggs. Incubation probably about 32 days and fledging about five weeks as in other Bazas.
Not threatened. Fairly common in forested areas but deforestation an increasing threat.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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