Prunella montanella Pallas, 1776.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Mountain accentor; French: Accenteur montanelle; German: Bergbraunelle; Spanish: Acentor de Pallas.
Length is about 6 in (15 cm). Upperparts are colored dark brown, the belly whitish with rufous flanks, the throat lighter, and the head with black and rufous stripes.
Ranges through the higher-altitude taiga regions of Russia from the Ural Mountains to the Bering Sea. It migrates to spend the winter in southern parts of its range in eastern China and Korea, and occurs as a vagrant in eastern Europe.
Breeds in shrubby thickets along watercourses within the boreal forest region. Winters in montane forest.
Usually occurs singly, in pairs, or in small groups. The song is a high-pitched trill.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Forages on the ground for insects, spiders, and other invertebrates. Feeds on seeds and fruits during the winter.
Polyandrous. Nests in a tree low to the ground. Lays 4–6 light-blue-colored eggs.
Not threatened. A widespread and abundant species within its
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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