Otis afraпdes A. Smith, 1831, flats near Orange River. Three subspecies.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: White-quilled korhaan; French: Outarde а miroir blanc; German: WeiЯflьgeltrappe; Spanish: Sisуn Negro Aliclaro.
19.7 in (50 cm); 1.5 lb (0.7 kg). Black neck and underparts, with gold and brown barred spot on crown, white collar behind neck, and white ear-coverts. Wings and back barred dark brown on whitish; white on primaries is conspicuous in flight.
A. a. etoschae: northwestern Namibia and northern Botswana; A. a. damarensis: Namibia and central Botswana; A. a. afraoides: southeastern Botswana through northern and northeastern South Africa to Lesotho.
Flat grassland with sward of 19.7–39.4 in (50–100 cm), semidesert scrub, grassy dunes, and arid savanna. Tolerates heavily grazed areas.
Generally solitary; males display on territories using stylized flights accompanied by loud calling.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Variety of plant and animal material, including insects, seeds, flowers, and leaves.
Breeds almost throughout year, but mainly September to March. Lays one, sometimes two, eggs on bare ground. Incubation period 19–21 days in captivity.
Not threatened. Common in most of range.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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