Muscicapa megarhyncha Quoy and Gaimard, 1830, Dorey, Vogelkop, New Guinea. Thirty subspecies.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Rufous shrike-thrush; French: Pitohui chвtain; German: Waldgudilang; Spanish: Charlatбn Verdugo Rufo.
6.7–7.5 in (17–19 cm); 1.1–1.5 oz (30–43 g). Gray-brown upperparts and bill; whitish throat and rufous-beige underparts.
New Guinea and surrounding islands; north and east Australia. Mainly in the lowlands, hills, and lower mountains up to about 6,100 ft (1,850 m), locally up to 7,590 ft (2,300 m).
Wide range of humid timbered habitats, including rainforest, tall secondary growth, mangroves, swamp and riverine vegetation, and coastal woodland.
Sedentary, territorial at all seasons.
generally quiet, unobtrusive, heard far more often than seen. Becomes quite vocal when breeding.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Food is mainly insects, spiders, small snails, and occasionally fruit, obtained mostly by gleaning.
In Australia, breeding season is Sep.–Feb. with one brood per season; in New Guinea, there are two breeding periods, one in the late dry to early wet season, and a second one in the late wet to early dry season. The nest, a deep cup of bark and dry leaves bound with spider web, is placed in upright fork or dense tangle of vegetation. The female lays two to three white to pale pinkish cream eggs, adorned with brown spots and lilac blotches. Incubation at about 19 days; fledging at about 12 days.
Not threatened. Common to abundant in New Guinea; common in northeast Australia, becoming scarcer and local southwards, uncommon in north central Australia.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
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